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Bulgaria

Property in Bulgaria currently offers excellent value for money and is the fastest growing asset in the country-a country blessed with some of the most spectacular landscapes and a people both welcoming and open minded. Bulgaria really is Europe's best keep secret - but not for long.

Bulgaria is a member of NATO and the EU

Bulgaria is a country that has weather comparable to Spain and other top holiday destinations, but at the same time property prices that are almost half or three times cheaper than of their Spanish counterparts. Over 150 days of sunshine a year, with average summer temperatures of 26?C (79?F) and occasionally climbing to a sizzling 35?C (95?F).

Beautiful Blue flag beaches for the summer holidaymakers and top ski resorts for winter holidaymakers only a few hours away ,stunning country scenery.

Flights are only two and a half to three hours from the UK or Ireland.

Bulgaria is fastest growing holiday destination in the world. Major tour operators such as Thomas Cook ,Thomson and First Choice have recently added Bulgaria to their brochures and it is one of their top sellers.

The cost of living is significantly lower than other European countries, with a dinner for two costing about 7 Euros (5 pounds sterling) and a pint for 0.70 Euros (50p).

The currency (Lev) is pegged to the Euro, making it stable and less volatile. Most property can be bought and sold in Euros.

Bulgaria is politically stable, with government bonds being of investment grade.

Located in the eastern part of the Balkan peninsular, being a crossroad between Europe and Asia, Bulgaria entices holidaymakers from all over the world with its low costs, friendly resorts, historical towns and monasteries and of course the hidden charm of the country - the Black sea coast, which stretches for 370 km interspersed with fabulous beaches of golden sand. To the north Bulgaria is bordered by Romania and to the west by Serbia and Macedonia.On the south-east it is contiguous to Turkey and Greece.On the east the country is bounded by the beautiful Black Sea. The total length of the Bulgarian border-line is 2245 km, 1181 of which are land frontier, 686 km river and 378 km sea-frontage.

The Territory of Bulgaria is 111 000 square kilometres. Being a small country is sometimes a great privilege. A few hours drive can take you from the snow covered mountain ranges of Pirin and Rila to the sunny Black sea coast.

Population: 8 000 000 (according to the census taken in 2000)

Currency: lev with bank-notes (bills) of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 leva

Official language: Bulgarian - the oldest written Slavonic language.

Religion: Orthodox Christianity

Climate: The climate in Bulgaria is moderate continental with four yearly seasons and average annual temperature of 10.5 degrees centigrade. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of 0 degrees centigrade. The average air temperature in the summer is more than 30 degrees c. and the average water temperature - 25 degrees c.

Flora and Fauna: Bulgaria occupies a relatively small area - 111 000 sq. km, but is nevertheless distinguished by generous and varied nature - a sea with a 380 km. long coastal strip and golden beaches, 16 mountains with their own characteristic features, shelters valleys and high plateaus, over 550 curative mineral springs, dozen of unique natural phenomena and 2000 thrilling caves, a healthy climate and diverse flora and fauna.The vegetable life of Bulgaria numbers about 12 000 species - 71 kinds of trees, 119 kinds of bushes, 3300 kinds of flower plants, about 4000 kinds of seaweed.The most common and often met animals and birds are the typical of Europe: hinds, deer, wild-boars, bears, wolves, foxes, jackals, wood-grouses, vultures, sparrows, grass-snakes, etc. Altogether in Bulgaria are to be found about 40 000 invertebrate species, 659 vertebrate species, 337 bird species, 117 fish species and 92 mammal species.There are 49 protected territories in Bulgaria, 17 biospherical reserves (the greatest recorded number in Europe), 7 national parks and 82 reserves. The air and water resources of the country are some of the purest in Europe. Bulgarian mountains are covered by sub -Arctic vegetation, among which juniper forests predominate. In fact, Bulgaria boasts 3000 higher plant varieties - almost twice as many as in England. The lowlands occupy 31%, the plains and the hilly terrains 41%, and the mountains 28% of the country.s territory. The larger mountain ranges are the Balkan mountains (with its highest peak Botev - 2376 m), the Rhodopes (highest peak - Goliam Perrelick - 2191 m), Rila (highest peak - Moussala - 2925 m), Pirin (highest peak - Vihren - 2914m), Vitosha (highest peak - Cherni Vruh -2290 m).

History: The Bulgarian history is one of the most ancient. The Bulgarian state was founded on the present-day territory of Europe in 681 and ever since that time the name of the country has always been the same. The Bulgarian lands are ancient crossroads.Many civilizations and great people have passed the Bulgarian lands and written the pages of its turbulent history. Forming the heart of several of ancient histories greatest civilizations Bulgaria's rich culture is reflected in a vast number of architectural treasures. Only Greece and Italy have a greater number of historical monuments. Throughout the country you will find ancient Greek sites, Roman amphitheatres and Byzantine churches. The country is home to 160 monasteries, 36 cultural centres and 40,000 listed archaeological monuments. Seven sites have achieved a coveted place on the UNESCO world heritage list. The Thracians bequeathed us the famous tombs near Kazanluk and Sveshtari, the unique gold treasures from Panagyurishte and Rogozen. The Hellenes built the beautiful coastal towns of Apollonia, Anhialo and Messambria, and Romans - ancient Aescus, Nikopolis ad Istrum and Nove. Huns, Gothes and Averas later passes through our lands. Around the mid-7th century the Slavs came from the north across the Danube and reached as far as the Black Sea and the Adriatic. They were followed by the Bulgarians of Khan Asparouh...

In fact, there were only three states in Europe in 681: The Western Roman Empire, BULGARIA, and The Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium)... Some of the most significant dates and events in the history of Bulgaria are the following:

  • 885 - Cyril and Methodius created the Slavonic script
  • 864 - 866 - Bulgaria adopted Christianity
  • 1018- 1185 - Bulgaria fell within the limits of the Byzantine Empire and Rule
  • 1185 - Restoration of the Bulgarian state
  • 1396 - 1878 - Bulgaria was under the Turkish Yoke
  • 1878 - 1944 - Bulgaria was a constitutional monarchy
  • 1944 - 1989 - Bulgaria was a people.s republic, governed by the communist party

Traditions: The Bulgarians are known as one of the friendliest people in the world. They will welcome you as a special guest, they will invite you to their house for a dinner without even knowing you, they will tell you stories about their country, the country they love, and they will sing you folklore songs with all the pride in their hearts that they are Bulgarians. You will hear the traditions in the unique rhythm, melody and harmony of the Bulgarian folk songs and chants; your heart will sense them in the merry and healthy joye-de-vivre atmosphere of the rites and celebrations.You will discern them in the everlasting beauty of the handicrafts, finely woven in the ceramic vignettes and wood carvings, colorful rugs and hammered copper-ware.You will find them in the exquisite taste of Bulgarian cuisine and in the fine aroma of Bulgarian wines.History has allotted Bulgaria a difficult and dramatic face. Much has perished, but even more has remained - a rich spiritual world which will show you with the colours, rhythms and melodious songs of living Bulgarian folklore, the unfading beauty of Bulgarian arts and crafts, the gaiety and vivacity of Bulgarian festivals and customs, the piquant taste of Bulgarian cuisine and the delicate fragrance of Bulgarian wines.

Culture: It is said that Bulgaria is the cradle of the Slav culture .One can easily understand why if he sees the spectacular Thracian treasures, the monumental but beautiful work of the Greek and Roman cities. For thirteen centuries the Bulgarian has been creating literature, art and music. Bulgarian culture has given the world men of great achievements, unparalleled in history. In the 9th centurie the brothers Cyril and Methodius, recognised as he patrons of Europe, upset the trilingual dogma and created the alphabet of the Slav peoples. During the 14th centurie John Koukouzel - The Angel-voiced carried out a reform in Eastern Orthodox church music. Unknown painters created masterpieces which have become part of the UNESCO list of World Heritage.A Bulgarian song is in the space as a prove of our civilization.Born from the power of tradition, modern Bulgarian culture, too, triumphs in the world. A quatrain of the great Bulgarian poet Hristo Botev has found a place in the Sorbonne, Boris Christoff and a whole host of Bulgarian singers have conquered the world's opera stages, the "Mystery of Bulgarian Voices" has astounded melomaniacs, the paintings of Vladimir Dimitrov-The Master can be seen in exhibitions around the world